Complete list of festivals with examples of cultures in Nigeria

What is Culture:

Culture is simply an established behavior that a group of people is identified with. This unique pattern of doing things is usual passed to next generation formally or informally by observation; many years of observing others, for example when children observe parents or relatives, writings, religion, music, clothes, food or values purposely to understand what behavioral patterns he or she is looking at. Then they begin asking why mum or dad is acting this way or that until they begin inquiring how they could emulate what they have seen.

Difference between culture and tradition

Tradition is a specified way society act as it relates to daily routine of life for example how marriage is conducted, how farming is carried out, how people worship God, the way food is prepared, how younger ones address elders, etc. while culture is a blend of all traditions that defines a group of people, it is the way of life that distinguish different groups of people from one another.

What are the elements of culture?

Language, symbols, values, and norms are among the important elements of culture. The elements of a culture are those components that make up a culture; just like rainfall, temperature, humidity, pressure, etc are components of weather so our religious beliefs, customs and traditions, art, as also history, taken together can be considered as the cultural elements. They give a meaning to the concept of culture. All these are important for our overall development as individuals.

Characteristics of culture

The features or qualities belonging to a particular culture are the characteristics used to identify and differentiate it from another culture.

Here are 5 essential characteristics of culture:

  1. Culture is learned: The individuals having a culture share certain essences which shape their lives. The heritage is transmitted to future generations by teaching the children about the culture, however there are some ideals that cannot be taught formally but is learned by the children by observation, they learn the language, the literature, the religion and the art forms.
  2. Culture is shared: Culture is synonymous to group of people the language, the literature, and the art forms are used to identify a culture. People of a certain culture usually inhabit the same part of the world or region.

As you move from one geographic environment to another, you will notice significant changes to the way of life of the people.

  1. Culture has unique symbols: A symbol is something that stands for something else. Symbols vary cross-culturally. These symbols only make sense to people within the culture, like money, food, Language. Language is the most important symbolic component of culture. Symbols is an important characteristics of culture because a culture’s language is the primary mode of transmitting culture from person to person.
  1.  Culture is Dynamic (blend): Despite the shared nature of culture, that doesn’t mean that culture is homogenous. One culture interacts with other cultures and form what is referred to as cultural blend or cultural mix. This characteristic is usually noticeable at state or country border locations.

One cultures interact with other cultures and are in constant contact with other culture in exchange ideas and symbols.

  1. Culture can go extinct: When culture interacts, some elements of one culture is adapted by another culture. Sometimes on extreme adaptation, one culture could be completely swallowed up by another culture. Not all adaptation is good, and not all cultural practices or elements are adaptive.

There is no one culture that is supreme; neither should one culture see the other as inferior. Custodians of culture that identifies undesirable elements should be encouraged to adapt desirable elements from other cultures.

 Some examples of cultures in Nigeria

It’s easier to identify cultures in Nigeria using language spoken by the different cultures or by Nigeria‘s multiple ethnic groups. The country has 527 languages, seven of them are extinct, she also has over 1150 dialects and ethnic groups. The six largest ethnic groups are the Hausa and Fulani in the north, the Igbo in the southeast, and the Yoruba predominate in the southwest, Efik – Ibibio, and Ijaw of the southsouth.


·       Efik-Ibibio Culture

·       Ijaw Culture

·       Yoruba Culture

·       Igbo Culture

·       Housa-Fulani Culture

Here is a complete list of cultural festivals in Nigeria

  1. Lagos Theatre Festival February 28th – 6th March   Lagos    Lagos State (British Council)
  2. Ose-Meji February    Ibadan East    Oyo State
  3. Lokkaari Lera (Circumcision) Feb / May    Bali    Taraba State
  4. Argungun Fishing Festival Feb / March    Argungun    Kebbi State
  5. Bade Fishing Festival Feb / March    Bade    Yobe State
  6. Durbar Maccina March-April    Maccina    Yobe State
  7. Ikeji Festival March-April    Arondizuogu    Imo
  8. Njuwa Fishing Festival March-May    Buatiye, Bata    Adamawa
  9. Gombe State Festival Of Arts And Culture (Gofest) April    All LGAs    Gombe State
  10. Zuru Wmir.Uhola Festival And Giri Cultural Show April    Zuru    Kebbi State
  11. Ovia Osese Festival April    Egori    Kogi State
  12. Nigerian Drum Festival April    Abeokuta    Ogun State
  13. Patigi Regatta April/May    Patigi    Kwara State
  14. Kaduna State Festival Arts And Culture – Kadfest 27th – 29th May    All LGAs    Kaduna State
  15. Owuya Festival May    Ogori Magongo    Kogi State
  16. Lagos Carnival May    All LGAs    Lagos State
  17. Amassoma Seigbin Last Week Of May    Amassoma (Southern Ijaw)    Bayelsa State
  18. Egungun May/June    Ibadan    Oyo State
  19. Odun Oba Festival July    Ondo Town    Ondo State
  20. Eid-El-Fitir Sallah Celebration (Durbar) 18th August    All LGAs    Kano State
  21. Osun-Osogbo Festival 22nd – 27th August    Osogbo    Osun State
  22. Durbar Festival August        Jigawa State
  23. Sango Festival August    Oyo Town    Oyo State
  24. Badagry Festival August    Badagry    Lagos State
  25. Odi Oge Last Week Of August    Odi Kolokumor/Opokumo    Bayelsa State
  1. Leboku Festival August – September    Yakurr    Cross River State
  2. Iri Ji Festival August – September    Abia, Anambra, Enugu, Imo    All Eastern States
  3. Ibeku Ekpe Festival September    Umuahia South/North    Abia State
  4. Ojiji Festival September    Abakaliki    Ebonyi State
  5. Masquerade Festival (During Annual Festivals) September-December    Abakaliki    Ebonyi
  6. Igodo Festival September    Owo    Ondo State
  7. Mmanwu (Masquerade) Festival September – December    All LGAs    Enugu State
  8. Olojo Festival 22nd – 27th October    Ife    Osun State
  9. Eid-El-Kabir Sallah Celebration (Sallah) 25th October    All LGAs    Kano State
  10. Sharo Shadi Festival Id-El-Kabir    Fulanis    Nothern States
  11. Felabration Music Festival October    Ikeja    Lagos State
  12. Delta Tourism Expo October        Delta State
  13. National Festival Of Arts (Nafest) 3rd – 9th October    As Decided     Ncac
  14. Ojude Oba Festival 10th – 15th November    Ijebu Ode    Ogun State
  15. Wrestling (Kokawa) November    Kokowa    Jigawa State
  16. Oya-Ore Salt Festival November    Keana    Nasarawa
  17. Uchoro Usuk Udia Annang (Annang Yam Festival) November    Annang    Akwa Ibom
  18. Delta Festival Of Regatta November     Riverine Areas    Delta State
  19. Abuja Carnival, Abuja November    Fct    Fct
  20. African Arts And Craft Expo November    Fct    Fct (Ncac)
  21. Christmas Choir Carol (9,999) Late November – Early December    All LGAs    Akwa Ibom
  22. Ahiajoku Last Friday Of November    Owerri Municipal    Imo State
  23. Ogani Fishing And Cultural Festival November – December    Idah, Ankpa    Nasarawa
  24. Calabar Christmas Festival/Carnival 30th November – 30th December    Calabar    Cross River
  25. Igue Festival    1st – 14th December    Benin    Edo State
  26. Riye Gateway Musical Festival 16th – 18thdecember    Abeokuta    Ogun State
  27. Lekki Sun Splash 25th – 26th December    Lekki    Lagos State
  28. Ogwashi-Uku Carnival 25th – 26th December    Ogwashi-Uku    Delta State
  29. Opobo International Boat Regatta 24th Dec – 5th Jan    Opobo    Rivers State
  30. Kwagh-Hir Masquerade Festival 26th Dec – 1st January    Tiv Land     Benue State
  31. Pissi Tangle Cultural Festival Last Saturday In December    All LGAs    Gombe State
  32. Ibomfest December        Akwa Ibom
  33. Ofala Festival December    Onitsha    Anambra State
  34. Ekpe Masquerade Festival December    Efik, Abriba    Cross River State
  35. Ozuruimo Festival December    Owerri Municipal    Imo State
  36. Kwara State Festival Of Art And Craft Expo (Kwafest) December    All LGAs    Kwara State
  37. Ijakadi Offa December    Offa    Kwara State
  38. Seafood Fiesta December    Island    Lagos State
  39. Carniriv December    Port Harcourt    Rivers State
  40. Aji Festival December Ending    Itigidi    Cross River State
  41. Igbo Uturu Cultural Festival December-January    Isuikwuato    Abia State
  42. Jibu Festival December-January    Gashaka    Taraba
  43. Durbar Festival Celebrated At The End Of Ramadan/Ed-Kabir    All LGAs    Kaduna State
  44. Eyo Festival Ceremonies    All LGAs    Lagos State
  45. Nzem Berom Festival Berom Plateau State


Festivals in Nigeria

Image credit: Folami


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