Chinua Achebe things fall apart: Google Doodle celebrates an inspirational Nigerian author

Achebe, who wrote the classic Things Fall Apart, would have celebrated his 87th birthday today – this is how he inspired other writers to tell Africa’s story

Nigerian author Chinua Achebe , who wrote the classic Things Fall Apart, is celebrated with today’s Google Doodle .

 

Chinua Achebe biography

Chinua Achebe born Albert Chinụalụmọgụ Achebe; 16 November 1930 – 21 March 2013 was a Nigerian novelist, poet, professor, and critic. His first novel Things Fall Apart (1958), often considered his best, is the most widely read book in modern African literature. He won the Man Booker International Prize in 2007.

Raised by his parents in the Igbo town of Ogidi in southeastern Nigeria, Achebe excelled at school and won a scholarship to study medicine, but changed his studies to English literature at University College (now the University of Ibadan). He became fascinated with world religions and traditional African cultures, and began writing stories as a university student

Achebe’s novel, published in 1958, is widely regarded as the first major work of modern African fiction and inspired others to tell the continent’s story through the eyes of those who lived there.

Things Fall Apart has sold more than eight million copies and been translated into more than 50 languages.

His other novels included A Man of the People and Arrow of God.

Achebe was a leading critic of how Westerners had portrayed Africa, especially in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness.

He also wrote short stories, poems and children’s stories.

South African writer and Nobel laureate Nadine Gordimer called Achebe the “father of modern African literature” in 2007, when she was among the judges to award him the Man Booker International prize for fiction. He had lived and worked as a professor in the United States in recent years, most recently at Brown University in Rhode Island. A 1990 car accident left him in a wheelchair and limited his travel. Also there are many chinua achebe quotes that has inspired many

Achebe died on March 21 2013, aged 82.

Widely considered as Africa’s greatest storyteller, Chinua Achebe would have been 87 on Thursday.

In his honour, Google is changing its logo to a doodle, or illustration, portraying him. This is his story:

African novelist

  • Nigeria’s storytelling tradition. Born in Ogidi in 1930 to an Igbo family, Chinua was the studious son of an evangelical priest. He grew up listening to stories narrated in his community.
  • In love with the library, Chinua completed English studies at the University of Ibadan in four years instead of the standard five.
  • In 1961, he worked for the Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation and married Christie Okoli. They had four children together.
  • European interpretation of African culture. To give African children better quality books, he co-founded in 1967 Citadel Press with renowned writer Christopher Okigbo to publish children’s books.
  • A voracious reader, Achebe was disappointed by non-African authors’ ignorance about the continent and its people.
  • Biafran independence. When the region of Biafra broke away in 1967, Achebe became a strong Biafran supporter. He later dabbled in political activism.
  • On the desperate conditions suffered by Biafran refugees, Achebe wrote the following rhymes in “Refugee Mother and Child”:

Of unwashed children with washed-out ribs
And dried-up bottoms waddling in labored steps,
Behind blown-empty bellies. Other mothers there
Had long ceased to care, but not this one

  • Frustrated by corruption in Nigeria, Chinua emigrated to the United States in 1969 as a university lecturer. He returned to Nigeria in 1976 and worked as a professor of English.
  • Car accident. In 1990 Achebe was in a crash in Nigeria that left him paralysed and in a wheelchair. In the same year, he moved to the US and taught at Bard College for 15 years.
  • In 2009, Achebe joined Brown University as a professor of African Studies.
  • Chinua died in Boston on March 21, 2013, at the age of 82.

I thought that Christianity was very a good and a very valuable thing for us. But after a while, I began to feel that the story that I was told about this religion wasn’t perhaps completely whole, that something was left out.

Chinua Achebe books: Chinua Achebe things fall apart

  • Clash of civilisations. As a Nigerian novelist, Achebe portrayed the social disorientation that resulted from Western colonisation of Africa.
  • In 1958, he published his first and most widely read novel, Things Fall Apart. The novel portrays the clash of cultures that took place when Christian missionaries and Western colonials encountered traditional African societies in the 19th century.
  • The novel follows the life of Okonkwo, an Ibo leader and local wrestling champion. He is exiled and upon his return, finds his community has submitted to the influence of Western colonisers. Realising how much his life and his village have worsened, he hangs himself.
  • “The world has no end, and what is good among one people is an abomination with others,” writes Achebe.
  • 100 best English novels. In 2005, Time magazine listed Things Fall Apart in its list of the 100 Best English-language Novels from 1923 to 2005.
  • Things Fall Apart is still one of the most read books in modern African literature. The novel sold over 12 million copies and was translated into more than 50 languages.
  • The book was followed by a sequel, No Longer at Ease, originally written as the second part of a larger work along with Arrow of God.

A child cannot pay for its mother’s milk

Chinua Achebe, in his book Things Fall Apart

Recognition

  • 30 honorary degrees. Acknowledged as the father of modern African literature, Chinua was awarded 30 honorary degrees from universities around the world.
  • Achebe also won many literary awards, from the inaugural Nigerian National Merit Award in 1979 to the Man Booker International Prize for Fiction in 2007.
  • He won The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize in 2010. The annual prize is given to “a man or woman who has made an outstanding contribution to the beauty of the world and to mankind’s enjoyment and understanding of life”.
  • Praised by Mandela. South Africa’s anti-apartheid revolutionary leader Nelson Mandela called him a writer “in whose company the prison walls fell down”.
  • The current president of South Africa Jacob Zuma has described him as a “colossus of African writing”.
  • Literary critics have compared Achebe’s eminence worldwide to Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Toni Morrison and a handful of other writers.

sources: Aljazeera.com , Mmirror.co.uk Magazine

7 facts about fully qualified domain that make you smarter

A fully-qualified domain name (FQDN) sometimes also referred to as an absolute domain name, is a domain or portion of an Internet Uniform Resource Locator (URL) like http://www.lowstuff.com/fully-qualified-domain-name-facts it fully identifies the server program that an Internet request is addressed to. It specifies all domain levels, includes the second-level domain name like lowstuff.com and any other levels www.lowstuff.com. The prefix “http://” added to the fully-qualified domain name completes the URL.

Here quickly are 7 facts about fully qualified domain name you shouldn’t forget as a Network Administrator, Web Master or an internet geek.

  1. Every network device has a fully qualified domain name
  2. A fully qualified domain name always end with a period or dot (.)
  3. A fully qualified domain name have 3 parts: Host, domain, top level domain (.tld)
  4. Elements that make up a fully qualified domain name are separated by a period or dot (.)
  5. Fully qualified domain name (FQDN) specifies exact location of nodes in the tree hierarchy of the Domain Name System (DNS)
  6. Fully qualified domain name (FQDN) is always unique and unambiguous
  7. DNS maintains the information about the mapping between hosts’ Fully Qualified Domain Names (FQDNs) and IP addresses assigned to the hosts

1. Every network device has a fully qualified domain name:

Computers are also named to distinguish one machine from another and to allow for proper network communication.

Computers need unique addresses to talk to each other. The hostname is usually a simple string of alphanumeric characters and hyphen, the hostname means a Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) that absolutely and uniquely identifies every computer hooked up to the Internet via the Domain name server (DNS) naming hierarchy.

Actually computers communicate on a network using a set of numbers with a protocol called TCP/IP which follows a specific set of rules to assure its uniqueness and validity i.e. 192.168.1.1 used for most router IP.

2. A fully qualified domain name always end with a period or dot (.)

Technically a domain is not considered fully qualified without a trailing dot, for example browsers are smart enough to put a dot at end of URL when you type an URL while requesting for pages from a server resources. Try this. Type www.lowstuff.com. The browser will still open the page as well as when you type www.lowstuff.com with a trailing dot (.) period

Name servers must be FQDNs and typically use the naming convention “ns1.example.com.” and “ns2.example.com.” So when you look up the name server on you DNS dashboard you see the trailing dot (.)

3. A fully qualified domain name have 3 parts: Host, domain, top level domain (.tld)

Your hostname is the name of your computer. Your fully qualified domain name is your hostname plus the domain

your company i.e. name of server your company uses, often ending in .local.

So if the name of your computer is goodstuff, and your company’s domain is amber.localhost, your computer’s fully qualified domain name (FQDN) is goodstuff.amber.localhost.:

  • Hostname: goodstuff
  • Domain: amber.localhost
  • FQDN: goodstuff.amber.localhost

In the case of a domain like contoso.local I did not use an “external” internet domain name. This name doesn’t have to be the only way that you address the server.
If you make it available by its IP address you can use Domain name server or that IP address to allow external users to access it.

4. Elements that make up a fully qualified domain name are separated by a period or dot (.)

A FQDN has hostname, domain and top level domain for example for mail, ftp, store, support, etc. we would state the FQDN as  mail.lowstuff.com. ftp.lowstuff.com. store.lowstuff.com.

All separated by dot (.)

5. Fully qualified domain name (FQDN) specifies exact location of nodes in the tree hierarchy of the Domain Name System (DNS)

It pinpoints the exact location in the tree hierarchy of the Domain Name System (DNS). Thus, it specifies all domain levels, including the top-level domain and the root zone.

Usually you’d have a private DNS that has your .local domain setup in it and a separate DNS server for the public where your .com lives. You don’t want to put your .local domain on a public DNS server because someone will have a way to get a list of all your hosts and it exposes your network to attack.

A FQDN always starts with a host name and continues all the way up to the top-level domain name, Essentially any activity that transfers info across a network involves the Domain Name System -DNS. If you’re connecting to a File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server or an email server, you will need to know its Fully Qualified Domain Name or IP.

If you are using only the hostname (without the domain information) to connect to a server, the application you’re using may not be able to resolve the hostname. Also, if you are trying to connect to a remote host that is not local to your Internet service provider (ISP), you will probably have to use the FQDN.

6.  Fully qualified domain name (FQDN) is always unique and unambiguous

The FQDN always instructs the person or software interpreting the name to start at the root and then follow the sequence of domain labels from right to left, going top to bottom within the tree.

To name any node in the DNS name hierarchy. We simply start at the root node and follow the sequence of subdomains down to the node in question, listing each level’s labels separated by a dot. When we do this, we get single name that uniquely identifies a particular device.

Sometimes the partially qualified domain name is used to refer to network devices

There are also some situations in which we may refer to a device using an incomplete name specification. This is called a partially-qualified domain name (PQDN), which means that the name only partially specifies the location of the device.

Thus, one can only use a PQDN within the context of a particular parent domain, whose absolute domain name is known. We can then find the FQDN of a partially-specified domain name by appending the partial name to the absolute name of the parent domain.

7. DNS maintains the information about the mapping between hosts’ Fully Qualified Domain Names (FQDNs) and IP addresses assigned to the hosts

Whenever the DNS software sees a FQDN it will look up the corresponding IP address from the domain name server.

How do I find the fully qualified domain name of my computer?

To find the FQDN

  1. On the Windows Taskbar, click Start > Programs > Administrative Tools > Active Directory Domains and Trusts.
  2. In the left pane of the Active Directory Domains and Trusts dialog box, look under Active Directory Domains and Trusts. The FQDN for the computer or computers is listed.

How do you look up a Fully Qualified Domain Name?

Looking up the FQDN of your computer or server is simple. Just follow the instructions for your operating system below. If your machine does not provide the FQDN, it is not connected to a domain.

Windows 10. Within the taskbar’s “Search Windows” box, type “control panel” and select “system and security.” Next, select “system” and the FQDN is listed next to the Full Computer Name label.

Mac OS. Open terminal, and enter “hostname -f” into the prompt. Terminal will return the FQDN.

Linux. Open terminal and enter “hostname -A” into the prompt. The “A” is case sensitive. Terminal will return the FQDN.

Once you know your Fully Qualified Domain Name, you can make your device available online through the DNS.

Windows 7

  • Begin in the Start menu
  • Right-click Computer
  • Click Properties
  • The fully qualified domain name appears next to Full computer name

Windows 8/8.1

  • Begin in the home screen
  • Type Computer
  • Right-click Computer from the search results
  • Click Properties on the bottom of the screen
  • The fully qualified domain name appears next to Full computer name

Windows 10

  • Begin on the desktop.
  • Type Control Panel in the “Search Windows” box in the taskbar.
  • Click on System and Security.
  • Click on System.
  • The fully qualified domain name applers next to Full Computer Name.

Mac OS

The fully qualified computer name can be determined by combining the Computer Account with the Active Directory Domain from the procedure below.

  • Open a terminal prompt
  • Enter dsconfigad -show
  • If you are connected to a domain, you will see a printout containing Computer Account and Active Directory Domain
  • If you are not connected to a domain, nothing will display and your machine does not have a fully qualified domain name

Linux

  • Start on the desktop.
  • Open a Terminal.
  • Type hostname -A (The “A” must be captialized).
  • The Fully Qualified Domain Name will be given.

Sources: Sematec  , labtestproject.com

Trump administration asks Supreme Court to dump travel ban cases

After asking the Supreme Court to step in to rescue President Donald Trump’s travel ban executive order, the Justice Department is now asking the justices to drop the issue as moot.

Solicitor General Noel Francisco told the justices Thursday that the expiration of key provisions in Trump’s order and his recent retooling of the policy mean there is no need for a Supreme Court showdown over what critics have called the president’s “Muslim ban.”

“The United States submits that both of these appeals are now or soon will be moot,” Francisco wrote in a letter to the high court.

Trump’s ban on issuance of visas to citizens of six majority-Muslim countries expired last week and was replaced by a new policy putting varied limits on nationals from eight countries. A halt on admission of refugees remains in place, subject to court-ordered exceptions, but is set to run out Oct. 24.

The Supreme Court scrubbed highly-anticipated oral arguments that had been scheduled for next Tuesday, leading some experts to speculate that the justices hope to avoid grappling with some of the central issues in the case — including whether Trump’s polarizing campaign-trail language about Muslims can be used to invalidate his policies as president.

However, the justices still have to decide whether to vacate or leave in place two appeals court rulings that found Trump’s previous policy appeared to be illegal.

“The decisions below have the potential for seriously problematic ‘prospective effects,'” Francisco warned, quoting an earlier Supreme Court case. The 9th Circuit’s ruling that Trump lacked authority to take the actions he ordered in March runs ignores “longstanding government practice” and the 4th Circuit “ruling finding anti-Muslim animus likewise risks undermining the President’s ability to conduct foreign policy and protect national security in a critical region of the world,” the newly-minted solicitor general added.

People who challenged the travel ban in court argued in Supreme Court filings Thursday that the justices should leave those lower-court decisions in place, saying Trump indicated earlier this year in a tweet that he would like to impose a much tougher version of the travel ban.

“Even if the Court were to find that the existing controversy is or soon will be moot, it should leave the lower court decisions in place,” wrote Neal Katyal a lawyer for the State of Hawaii and a local Muslim Imam who joined together in a suit against Trump’s initial orders. “It would be profoundly inequitable to permit the Government to control the timing of the case in this manner and then to use any resulting mootness to obtain the very relief it sought on the merits: vacatur of the injunction.”

Katyal asked that arguments in the cases be returned to the court’s schedule and that a decision be rendered on the merits. Failing that, he urged the court to simply undo its earlier decision to take the cases and leave the legal status quo in place.

Source: Politico